International Carduelan Society

Health and Care 

This page has been created to aid in discussion of all problems that bird breeders encounter.   Please feel free to submit a question or answer to any of the items listed below.

It is envisaged to automate the posting feature here, but until this can be completed (NT restriction), please e-mail your questions, answers and photographs.

Applications of antibiotics in various disease conditions

 Disease or Disease Agent          Antibiotic                                   Route
Myccoplasmosis                                 Erythromycin                                          Injection
                                                          Tetracyclines                                           Oral/Injection
                                                          Spectinomycin                                         Oral/Injection
                                                          Spiramycin                                              Oral/Injection
                                                          Tylosin                                                    Oral/Injection

Ornithosis, psittacosis  
                        Tetracyclines                                           Oral/Injection
                                                           Tylosin                                                    Oral/Injection
                                                           Spectinomycin                                         Injection
                                                           Doxycycline                                             Oral

E. coli septicemia                                 Spectinomycin or ampicillin                       Injection
                                                            Tetracyclines                                            Oral
                                                            Furazolidon                                              Oral
                                                            Sulfonamides                                            Oral

 Salmonellosis                                       Spectinomycin                                          Injection
                                                            Oxytetracycline                                         Oral/Injection
                                                            Furazolidone or Nitrofurazone                   Oral
                                                            Chloramphenicol                                       Oral/Injection
                                                            Sulfadimidine                                             Oral
                                                            Sulfadiazine + Trimethoprim                       Oral

Pasteurellosis                                         Spectinomycin                                           Oral/Injection
                                                             Sulfonamides                                             Oral

Erysipelas                                              Penicillins                                                   Oral/Injection
                                                             Tetracyclines                                              Oral
Streptococcal infections,                              
 staphylococcosis                                   Penicillins                                                   Oral/Injection
                                                              Furazolidone                                              Oral
                                                              Tetracyclines                                              Oral

Pseudomonas infections                         Gentamicin or Polymyxin                             Oral/Injection
                                                              Tobramycin                                                Oral/Injection

 Pseudotuberculosis                                 Tetracyclines                                              Oral/Injection

Candidiasis                                              Nystatin                                                      Oral

Aspergillosis                                            Amphotericin or miconazole                         Oral/Injection

Favus                                                       Griseofulvin or miconazole                           Topical

 Skin mycoses                                           Griseofulvin powder                                    Topical
                                                                 Miconazole powder                                    Topical

Septicemia                                                Spectinomycin and other 
                                                                 similarly acting antibiotics                             Injection

Urinary tract infection                                 Tetracyclines                                               Oral

Eye infection                                              Oxytetracycline aqueous drops                    Topical

Upper respiratory tract infection                  Spectinomycin + Lincomycin                        Oral
                                                                  Tetracyclines                                                Oral

Internal tract infection                                  Sulfadimidine                                                Oral  
                                                                   Sulfadiazine + Trimethoprim                         Oral
                                                                   Lincomycin                                                  Oral
                                                                   Chloramphenicol                                          Oral

Wound infection                                           Oxytetracycline                                           Topical
                                                                    Bacitracin spray powder                             Topical

  For more information on Avian  Diseases and   Medicine see Elisha W. Burr's book "Diseases of Cage Birds"  ISBN 0-8138-0362-4 TFH Publications                                                                                                                               
References: Elisha W. Burr's "Diseases of Cage Birds"

Other interesting site on diseases in Pigeons and Poultry but basically  the same as the diseases effecting finches:

Bird Diseases

A - Z Poultry Disease Index

Antibiotics European & Miscellaneous Pigeon Supply

UnderTheMicroscope.jpg (54417 bytes)
One of the "must have" very handy and inexpensive 55 page manual by Dr Danny Brown on
Microscope Use and Pathogen Identification in Birds and Reptiles available from the
ABK or the QFS


1 - Melanism and Leucism:

This bird has developed many black feathers in its plumage.  Is this a disorder or a mutation?
Submitted by: John Quatro    Date: 18/7/1998

SMagm1.jpg (50673 bytes)

                        Occasionally, birds develop partly dark or totally black  plumage, according to Cornell Lab of Ornithology this is because an abnormal amount of dark melanin pigmentation is produced.
Checkout these links below, on Melanistic and Leucistic Birds 

Melanistic and Leucistic Birds

Melanism and Leucism

Albino, Leucistic & Melanistic creatures

2- Bacteria infection:

                   smagab3.jpg (68453 bytes)   stwoyrs2.jpg (55653 bytes) sesabi7.jpg (58744 bytes) Sodayrs.jpg (62610 bytes)
It looks as if these birds have some kind of intestinal Bacteria infection many a time Salmonella, Coli or Candida. Check out the links bellow

Digestive Disorders of Pet Birds

Bacterial Infections

Diseases in Poultry

Digestive Physiology of Birds

What Is the Proventriculus?

3 - Rickets:

SRickets6.jpg (70274 bytes)
The young Red Siskin with bent feet has died from "Rickets". Could Rickets be cured at this stage, the bird looked perfectly healthy?

Malnourishment is often associated with rickets, the primary cause of rickets is a vitamin D, calcium and phosphate deficiency. See the links below on Rickets:

 Metabolic Bone Disorder: Rickets

Poultry Podiatry

4: Foot Problems

    Toes3.jpg (25613 bytes)  scanlf9.jpg (35953 bytes)  SCanarySf.jpg (31396 bytes)  Missingtoenail.jpg (78960 bytes) Toes1.jpg (25693 bytes) SSfandTT10.jpg (49261 bytes)
Toes2.jpg (23266 bytes) Toes4.jpg (25928 bytes) Toes5.jpg (30203 bytes) PataHongo.jpg (74742 bytes) Grassland_Finch_1.jpg (97458 bytes) Grassland_Finch_.jpg (95715 bytes)
Cardhem2.jpg (52478 bytes)

Feet disorders 
 There are many reasons why would a bird have sore toe or a foot, more often it's scaly feet, mosquito bite or a broken toe, check out the links below:   

Foot Problems
Avascular necrosis
Scaly Feet


          Overgrown Toenails

          Nails and Beak

          Nail Clipping



This is the reason why not to give either wild or captive birds synthetic materials to use for nest building. This is a wild European Blackbird I caught after noticing at the feeder something was wrong with its feet. I managed to cut and pull all of the string out. I cleaned, washed, disinfected and applied some ointment on its feet and released the bird. If it survives the first couple of days then I believe its feet will gradually get back to normal despite losing the rear and the inner toe on one leg. 

Blackbird1.jpg (63717 bytes) Blackbird5.jpg (64467 bytes) Blackbird2.jpg (53637 bytes) Blackbird3.jpg (44798 bytes) Blackbird4.jpg (48217 bytes)


5 - Gout in Birds

One of the wild doves at the bird feeder I noticed was limping had abnormally red feet. I suspected Gout but could be some kind of external skin infection.  Check this out:

Gout1.jpg (42295 bytes) Gout7.jpg (51386 bytes) Gout9.jpg (43951 bytes)


    Gout in Bird

    Avian Gout the Cure



RBWrenRT1-8Jan12.jpg (48853 bytes) RBWrenRT2-8Jan12.jpg (43048 bytes) RBWrenRT38Jan12.jpg (32278 bytes)
Male Red-backed Wren fighting through the wire with the White-winged Wren 
 ended up losing part of its rear toe.


6: - Scaly Mites

RSsMites1.jpg (36771 bytes) RSsMites7.jpg (34031 bytes)  

Scaly mites can also infest the area around the eyes or mandibles as in this bird.
This is caused by small mites and their continuous burrowing activities: side of the beak, head, skin of the eyelids, ventral region and feet are usually effected. The only birds in my aviaries that I had to treat occasionally were Chaffinches and Goldfinches, fortunately this is easily treated with various preparations like: Liquid Paraffin, dissolved Condys Crystals, any Mineral oil, etc. simply by brushing onto the effected area. Some more expensive medication like Ivomectin will also do the job. About three to four applications are necessary, one every three days.  I
soak their feet in warm water for about two minutes then wash their feet with soap, soak for another few minutes to soften the skin, pour some disinfectant then cut all the dead skin with small scissors, disinfect the feet again then apply Liquid Paraffin or Petroleum gel. If this condition is left untreated for to long it will cut off blood circulation resulting in loss of toes, or feet. By applying these ointments we only suffocate those burrowing mites who are on the bird but their environment also needs to be looked at. Perches, walls, food and water dishes, cages, floors etc. should also be cleaned and disinfected. If the birds are kept indoors, good air circulation is required.

Scaly Face Mites

7: - Raptured Air Sack

PYoungSiskin1-24Dec13.jpg (66547 bytes)  PYoungSiskin12-24Dec13.jpg (52753 bytes) PYoungSiskin15-24Dec13.jpg (56137 bytes) PYoungSiskin18-24Dec13.jpg (52616 bytes) PYoungSiskin31-24Dec13.jpg (52625 bytes) PYoungSiskin4-24Dec13.jpg (45543 bytes)

I had young birds with inflated side of the neck before but never as bad as this guy, he eventually died the same day I found him.

Check out the link about a week old pigeon with Ruptured Air Sack

Ruptured Air Sack

Raptured air sack

8: - Air Sack Mites

Important to know: Most birds have 9 air sacs.

- One interclavicular sac
- Two cervical sacs
- Two anterior thoracic sacs
- Two posterior thoracic sacs
- Two abdominal sacs

How Air sacks work

Air sac Mite Infection

Air sac Mites

The Respiratory System


9: - Mandibles

scsb11.jpg (28679 bytes)

This bird has lost its upper and lower mandible. 

Submitted by: John Quatro     Date: 18/7/1998

It is important to see an Avian Veterinarian. The bird must have had some kind of nutritional deficiency together with fungal or bacterial infection. Chaffinches need lots of live food, if can't supply live food why keep these birds? Soft food and live food would keep him alive, until you see the Vet.

Beak Problems / Deformities


10: - Lumps

bengtu.jpg (55247 bytes) SiskinLoH1.jpg (64909 bytes) RemLoH1.jpg (64659 bytes)

I have this Lined Seedeater with a lump on its head (probably a tumor) could it be removed? 

Is is best to see qualified avian veterinarian, see the links below.



Leg Tumor Removal 

Lumps, Feather Cysts, Tumors

Lipomas (fatty cysts)

Avian Pox


11: - Lipoma

FeatherCist1-12March12.jpg (39380 bytes) FeatherCist16-12March12.jpg (29457 bytes) FeatherCyst1-18Mar12 .jpg (29748 bytes)
Lipoma cyst in young Hooded Siskin

Lipomas (fatty cysts)

12: - Aspergillus

SYRSdfnr14.jpg (56347 bytes) Sfungi5.jpg (82195 bytes) DirtyVent4-31Aug12.jpg (48113 bytes)

Young Red Siskins  died for no apparent reason its crop was still full. 

Aspergillosis is the most common causes of respiratory disease in young birds, primarily a respiratory disease, infecting lungs and air sacs, but it can affect any organ of the body by traveling through the bloodstream or by growing through an air sac into the body cavity. Often caused by stress, malnutrition, vitamin "A" deficiency (common with all-seed diets), confinement/environment, and prolonged use of antibiotics. Aspergella, as well as other fungi, grows readily in damp, dark conditions with poor ventilation. Fungal infections are always related to the environment in which the bird is kept. Aspergillosis will kill the young birds in the nest but not necessarily effect the parent birds. Young birds are often found dead with their crops full.
It is not same as Candida (Candida albicans)

Medication: itraconazole, amphotericin B, Fungilin, Nystatin

For more info check out the links below:


Aspergillosis 2

Mycoses and Mycotoxicoses Aspergillosis


 13: Canker

Canker (Trichomonas gallinae) is a protozoan organism that is commonly found in the mouth,throat, gastro-intestinal tract and upper respiratory tract of birds.

Canker In Birds


Oral Canker


14: - Candida (Candidiasis) 

Candida albicans (sometimes referred to as monilia) is a fungus that grows both as yeast and filamentous cells. It is normally present on the skin and in mucous membranes such as the mouth, the gut, it can effect any organ in the body.   Candidiasis will result in nesting diarrhea of gummy consistency which often fouls the feathers and plugs the vent, the chicks are listless, feathers fluffed up, head drawn back and eyes closed. 
If possible, use of antibiotics should be discontinued during a candida infection.

Medication: Itraconazole, Amphotericin B, Fungilin, Nystatin


Candidiasis (Trush)

Candida Infections in Birds

Yeast Infection in Birds

Candidiasis in Birds: Signs, Treatment, and Prevention

15: - Megabacteria, now called Avian Gastric Yeast (AGY)

Avian Gastric Yeast (Megabacteria)

AGY - Megabacteria 


16: - Gizzard and Proventiculus

srsssa12.jpg (52133 bytes) syrsabl8.jpg (62217 bytes)


6 main causes of erosions in gizzard and proventriculus

17: Cats

SRSh6.jpg (53761 bytes)

  I left four young Siskins in a small cage one Sunday morning out in the sun , when I came back only three were in the cage, I found the head of the fourth about 2 feet away. I suspect a large black and white cat. I would like to catch him, What do I do?

Why, or should I ask? Cat are sometimes good to have around the house, they control  mice population around the aviaries.
Submitted by:    Date:

18: - Yellow skin in the corner of the bill

RSbill.jpg (57514 bytes)

One of my birds has yellowish skin in the corner of its bill. Definitely not Canker 

See (6) Scaly Face photos above.

19: Mouldy food

Why are my birds always sick?

Important: You can test seed for aflatoxin by shining a
black light on it. If the fungus is present, the seed will fluoresce green.

MouldyFruit1.jpg (58648 bytes)           Mould1.jpg (83272 bytes)
It only takes 6 hours if the conditions are right for mould to start growing on Fruit, 
Soft food and Sprouted seeds. 

Mould2.jpg (62769 bytes)        Mould3.jpg (84499 bytes)
Sprouted seeds are only second to unclean water dish for spreading disease in 
Aviaries. This mould grew in only 48 hours. There is a golden rule we all must remember
and this is to never leave Soft food, fruit or sprouted seeds over night in Aviaries.

MouldySeeds.jpg (28656 bytes)
This is the seed I kept for planting, by zooming in with a camera I discovered they were moldy. Shouldn't be fed to birds!

Fungal Infection 


RSFemlossFeather.jpg (61912 bytes)


My Red Siskins have molted or are molting (I am not sure). The females have lost all their head  feathers. They look in a very bad condition, all the males are OK. What should I do and what should I give them?

This usually happens to birds kept indoors, I also occasionally see this in my birds. To treat this I take the bird outside and leave it in an outdoor aviary for about three months and it always clears up. I believe, it must be some kind of fungal skin infection or an allergy. I even at times wash the bird using medicated shampoo, dry it well before leaving it in an outdoor aviary. One think is for certain, they do benefit from good air circulation, exposure to a direct sunlight, sand bathe, clean water provided daily to bathe in etc. I am not aware of any other proven treatments for birds but there could be, it is best to consult your veterinarian. If it's the feather mites that are causing it, you would know it, believe me! Another possibility is if the male is to aggressive or if kept with other birds that are nesting, the birds will cause this to each other, often bolting out of the nest attacking any bird in the vicinity of their nest, flying away with beak full of feathers. 

21: - Psittacosis

            Psittacosis1.jpg (68224 bytes) Psittacosis2.jpg (60138 bytes)            
   Oriental Greenfinch with Psittacosis       Oriental Greenfinch 35 day later
      Painted_Bunting_Eye.jpg (145207 bytes) Painted_Bunting-Eye_2.jpg (107591 bytes)
Paited Bunting with Chlamydia infection
Note: the lump above the eye is pushing the lid upwards

Chlamydia in Birds (psitacosis) 

Psitacosis (Chlamydia)

22: - Conjunctivitis

syrsce13.jpg (56984 bytes)

My bird has conjunctivitis what do I do?

Conjunctivitis in finches can be caused by many bacterial infections, psittacosis, viral infections, spiral bacteria, fungal infections, contact, toxins and so on.


Eye Problems

How do you treat conjunctivitis in finches


23: - Cataracts

OldHSiskins2-5May12.jpg (53746 bytes)
Very old Hooded Siskin, blind 

Cataracts in Birds



24: Preening gland

          PreenGlanAbscess.jpg (62933 bytes)
This young Hooded Siskin is a victim of a continues attack by a large European Greenfinch, with an abscess on its preening gland.

Preen Gland

25: Paratyphoid

SwollenJoint1.jpg (63043 bytes)
Swollen Joints could be an injury or caused by Paratyphoid

SwollenJoint2.jpg (56062 bytes)
Swollen joints

GreySingWing.jpg (61683 bytes)
After the swollen joints dry up (from the pus formed around the joints) the wing will drop a little, it will never go back to normal. If both wings are effected the bird will probably never fly again.


26: - 

14yearSiskin.jpg (59020 bytes)
14 year old Red Siskin -male



Coccidia of the world

What to you use to control coccidia ? The name of medicine and dosage?

There are many medication that will control Coccidia, one of the most popular and probably the best is the Baycox. Dosage is 2ml/L of water , usually it is two to three day
treatment or until cleared.


 I can only voice my opinion from my experience mainly through reading and keeping birds. In 95% of cases twirling is an infection of the vestibular organ in the inner ear in some cases it is fungal  and in some bacterial infection but it also could be viral, parasitic or toxic. Tumors or lesions of some kind or a good nock on the head could also have the same symptoms. Although Veterinarians and some Aviculturists claim that it can be cured,  it is more likely you'll end up losing the sick birds (especially finches) then actually curing them. Veterinary Science is improving daily and hopefully soon quick and accurate diagnosis will be possible. Over 20 year period I had three birds with twirling symptoms, I tried everything possible but every time the bird died. In my opinion if the birds were given proper care, environment and diet twirling would be unheard-off. Never ever keep too many birds in a cage or an Aviary. 
What is too many? --- More then one breeding pair or more than four young, if kept in a cage.

                                                      HOSPITAL CAGE

It is important that all heated hospital cages have good air circulation, I find that a cheap computer fans that are available from about $4 each at any computer market are perfect for this job. Air should never be pumped into the cage, air should be sucked out of the cage and two small 25mm (1 inch) square fans are just about the right size for a 700mm x 300mm x 600mm hospital box. 
Check this out  -

An interesting comment by Richard Serrano, I am sorry if my French translation is not 100% accurate but here it is:
There's a disease known as the "Disease of the Ostriches", the symptoms are: the bird turns its head continuously out of control or it drops its head between its legs and eventually dies. In French language it is called "Encephalomalacie", the birds must have eaten large amount of rancid seeds, and the only thing that can save some birds effected is by tripling the normal dose of the Vitamin "E". The Vitamin drops should be given at least every two hours, some soft food like egg and biscuit should be offered and some fresh clean seeds, the birds should be kept worm at about 28 Deg. C.
I saved more than 50% of imported birds which were kept in cages for long period of time, but this disease is very rare if the food given is clean and changed regularly and their cages are kept clean.


29: Stunting Syndroms

   Lh3.jpg (68158 bytes) Lh8.jpg (63325 bytes)
Photos taken on the 12/12/02, the chicks are  about 10 days old, hatched one day apart.

Stunting Syndromes of Chickens

What to do for a stunted baby

30: Trimming mandibles

HSiskinCrossBill2.jpg (28690 bytes)  TrimmingUMandible4.jpg (38757 bytes) TrimmingUMandible10.jpg (56742 bytes) TrimmingUMandible9.jpg (30864 bytes)
Trimming an overgrown upper mandible 

Beak Deformities

Beaks are mirror of a birds health

31: Overgrown bill

GoldFbill1.jpg (26885 bytes)   GoldFbill3.jpg (28388 bytes)  GoldFbill4.jpg (28973 bytes)  GoldFbill2.jpg (25602 bytes) 
EGoldfM1.jpg (18250 bytes)
A little bit of TLC and 'look at me now' (About 6 months later)

European Goldfinch with overgrown bill, both the upper and lower mandibles are 
evenly overgrown and had to be trimmed on regular basis. In most cases it is either the upper or the lower mandible that need trimming. Birds in this condition cannot feed properly and often die from starvation. I found this bird in a bird-shop, it was in poor condition. This bird (male) recovered well and now it looks like a normal Euro. Goldfinch.
(No, it is not C.c parapanisi)

32: Finch Eggs

Egg binding

The most common cause of egg binding is lack of calcium in the diet. When I walked into an aviary in which I kept a pair of Hooded Siskins, I saw the female sitting on the perch breathing heavily. The first thought was that it must have had some nasty infection from eating something bad, like paint, lead etc. I looked at the abdomen, it was swollen, I wasn't suspecting egg binding, so I refilled the water dish to which I added "Triple C". I gave the birds three drops directly into the beak and walked out. I returned in about an hour and the bird wasn't much better so I gave her another couple of drops of medicated water thinking 'this bird is a gonner'. The following morning I found the bird perfectly normal, flying from perch to perch, assuming 'whatever it was the medicine must have done the trick'. As I was walking out of the aviary I saw something white on the floor that looked like an egg, I picked it up and yes that was a soft shelled egg that I haven seen for quite some time in my aviaries.

My treatment was; I refilled the water dish to which I added Calcivet, I also added few drops of Cod-liver oil to the seed mix as well as adding some egg shell and new chunk of Cuttlefish bone.
Green food like the seeding Grasses and Lettuce are provided daily. The bird fully recovered resuming laying a clutch of four eggs. 
 Inability to pass an egg can be very serious, without treatment egg binding can result in a very painful death .

SoftEgg1.jpg (15673 bytes)SoftEgg2.jpg (14749 bytes)SoftEgg4.jpg (15037 bytes)SmallEeg1.jpg (18362 bytes)SmallEeg6.jpg (14820 bytes)

Soft shell egg in comparison to a normal egg. One of the Red Siskin hens laid a very small egg (about 10 mm) Normal size egg is about 17 - 18 mm long. It is always the first egg of the season and in one case the egg was fertile and the young hatched. (The other two eggs are Himalayan Greenfinch & a Red Siskins egg)  

 HSiskinEgg2-4Aug11.jpg (36638 bytes) HSiskinEgg4-4Aug11.jpg (38838 bytes)
Hooded Siskin's cone or pear shaped egg 

HoodedS-Eggs5 14Sep09.jpg (68499 bytes) HoodedS-Eggs10 14Sep09.jpg (66500 bytes) RSEggs3-21Jan13.jpg (92606 bytes) RSEggs8-21Jan13.jpg (99280 bytes)
Hooded Siskin hen laid large egg 21mm x 16mm

Normal eggs are 17mm x 13mm, and in the last two photos one of the young Red Siskin laid very small unsymmetrical egg.

33: Magpie 


    AMegpie10.jpg (64973 bytes) AMegpie8.jpg (57369 bytes) AMegpie9.jpg (61316 bytes) AMegpie7.jpg (61019 bytes) AMegpie6.jpg (79041 bytes)
The first two weeks

  AustMagpie2.jpg (97841 bytes) Magpie3.jpg (70741 bytes) Magpie7.jpg (88150 bytes)
Now he spends all day foraging for insects and playing with his tennis ball. 
Feeding an orphan bird like this Australian Magpie can be demanding and very tedious job. This young bird could not fly when I found him, was repeatedly been attacked by both parents while begging for food. I think they must have had a new clutch of young in the nearby tree.

34: - Toxic

  Toxic Cocktail
I do not normally mix medication or vitamins and I do not remember of anything similar happening to me. On the 17/Jul/04 I decided to add some vitamins with some electrolyte in drinking water and by the time I walked out to get some green lettuce some of the birds were already staggering holding onto the wire. I thought that was strange but I walked out again to wash and refill the dishes with sprouted seeds,  within less than 5 minutes  I had 8 birds dead on the floor. I realized immediately that I must have poisoned the birds so I quickly emptied the water dishes and removed the lettuce leafs.  I called the Veterinarian and he also suspected some kind of poisoning.  Whatever it was it done the job well. All of the birds were in perfect health prior to this incident. My local Pharmacist who had similar experience with his pigeons thinks it's the overdosing with Electrolytes that caused it, if anyone has a thought or a comment about this please let me know!
I stopped mixing vitamins and the electrolytes and I haven't had a problem since.
1Birds_lost_17-07-04.jpg (96039 bytes)
Other finch breeders might have poisoned their birds unknowingly just like I did, meaning well. I first noticed this several years ago with young in the nest dying every time I mixed vitamins and electrolytes in water. 

Avian Toxic and Metabolic Diseases

Vomiting in birds


35: - 

YStarFinchFace1.jpg (34211 bytes) YStarFinch1.jpg (34783 bytes)
Young Grass finch, with face disfigured and crossed mandibles, and a normal Grass finch.
It is not clear what caused it, if it's proven to be genetic then the parents should be separated. If it
happens again and if it's proven that one of the parents did this then that bird should be replaced. Then again, it could have been accidental at hatching, an insect or another aviary bird could have done it, etc. This bird died soon after fledging.

36: - Cotton Wool


 YWWW2 30Oct07.jpg (36540 bytes) YWWW1 30Oct07.jpg (38003 bytes) YWWW3 30Oct07.jpg (37763 bytes) YWWW7 3Nov07.jpg (36894 bytes) 
Sometimes cotton wool results in this, when the parents are too quick in starting another nest and are carrying both the nesting material and the food for the young in their beaks. This guy is lucky I was able to (very carefully) pull out every bit of it from deep inside its stomach. White-winged Wrens are worth their weight in gold!
EmKit1.jpg (36460 bytes)
A kit like this is always handy

37: Noisy Mynah

NoisyMynah6 6Oct07.jpg (58317 bytes) NoisyMynah7 6Oct07.jpg (57824 bytes) NoisyMynah5 16Oct07.jpg (35878 bytes) NoisyMynah6 14Oct07.jpg (50660 bytes)
This is another orphan (Noisy Mynah) I found on the floor after a very windy day. This guy will be ready to release in a day or so!

38: Overweight

MadagascarB5 8Oct09.jpg (55920 bytes)
Overweight Madagascar Weaver Male

39: - Hernias

BFPFHenS1-20Aug12.jpg (43563 bytes)
BFPFHenS1-25Aug12.jpg (44284 bytes) BFPFHenS3-15Sep12.jpg (54615 bytes) sBFPFHen3-16Mar13.jpg (78167 bytes)
Blue-faced Parrotfinch female after laying continuously for 2 years 
ended up with this, probably hernia. I moved the bird into a holding aviary, she eventually
recovered. First photo taken on the 20/Aug/12, second on 25/Aug/12 the third
on the 15/Sep/12 and the last on the 16/Mar/13

Birds can get hernias, too

40: Interesting Links

Vinegar: A Natural Approach to Avian Management
Fecal Smear
Avian Microscop


To John Quatro

Your E-Mail address

Full Name

Question Number

Questions/comments for adding to page

lightbar1CLR.gif (7004 bytes)

Home Discussion Page Ask the Doc! Carduelan Breeders Siskins of the World
Video Album Photo Album Book Review View Guestbook Sign Guestbook

lightbar1CLR.gif (7004 bytes)